Chemistry, Engineering, Physics, Materials

Browse the following groundbreaking articles nominated by our Editors-in-Chief and read why they believe they could help change the world.

Enjoy free access until the end of July, 2018. Open access articles are freely available online on a permanent basis.

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A heterarchical multiscale model for granular materials with evolving grainsize distribution

Granular Matter

Offers a novel approach to a long-standing problem with great potential to conserve energy and resources.

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Adhesive and self-healing soft gel based on metal-coordinated imidazole-containing polyaspartamide

Colloid and Polymer Science

An original work on biomimetic and self-repairing soft matter - the material of the future for sustainable, adaptive systems.

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Air Atmospheric Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Induced Germination and Growth Enhancement of Wheat Seed

Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

Gas plasmas are important in agriculture: plasma treatment of wheat seeds can significantly increase germination, seedling growth and quality.

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Air quality monitoring using mobile microscopy and machine learning

Light: Science & Applications

Machine-learning-enabled mobile microscopes can be used to accurately and inexpensively monitor air quality and measure pollutants.

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Autonomous vehicles: challenges, opportunities, and future implications for transportation policies

Journal of Modern Transportation

A must-read article that sheds light on the future opportunities as well as possible hurdles associated with AV technology.

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Biogenic oxygen from Earth transported to the Moon by a wind of magnetospheric ions

Nature Astronomy

Life on Earth has been leaving a trail of breadcrumb on lunar soil in the form of oxygen ions for billions of years.

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Cold Spraying of Armstrong Process Titanium Powder for Additive Manufacturing

Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

A must-read paper on a breakthrough 3D metal printing technology that could change the way many products are mass produced.

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Critical Review on Lithium-Ion Batteries: Are They Safe? Sustainable?

Ionics

Lithium-ion battery energy storage technology for mobile and stationary applications has become an essential topic with regard to pollution and resources. Serious limitations, e.g. safety, cost and service life, still have to be overcome. The paper offers real solutions.

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Experimental Study on Structural Optimization of a Supercritical Circulating Fluidized Bed with an Annular Furnace and Six Cyclones

Journal of Thermal Science

This paper showcases Circulating Fluidized Boilers, which offer a clean coal burning technology, and represent a new generation combining high boiler efficiency and reduced pollutant emissions.

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From demand response to transactive energy: state of the art

Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

A must-read paper that reviews the state of the art of research and industry practice on demand response and the new methodology of transactive energy.

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From noise to information: a new technology of olefin polymerization fluidized bed reactor based on acoustic emission

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering)

A significant new technology for olefin polymerization fluidized bed reactors based on acoustic emissions has proven to deliver reliable, stable operation.

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Gender Diversity in a STEM Subfield - Analysis of a Large Scientific Society and Its Annual Conferences

Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry

This study on gender diversity at a national scientific conference can hopefully promote positive changes and provide a point of departure for a lasting solution.

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Improvement of Strength and Radiation Protection Properties of Biodegradable Jute Fiber Reinforced Material

Strength of Materials

The paper describes a promising technology for the fabrication and application of polymer composites with natural fiber reinforcement. Called eco-composites, they have the potential to significantly reduce pollution, given their ultimate disposability. 

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Luminescent solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics

Nature Reviews Materials

Explains how luminescent solar concentrators can ‘invisibly’ integrate semi-transparent photovoltaics for near-zero-energy buildings.

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Meeting the Contact Mechanics Challenge

Tribology Letters

Surfaces in contact are crucial to broad subfields of engineering. For the first time, top researchers competed to test the value of their contact theories.

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Occupant Tenability in Single Family Homes: Part I—Impact of Structure Type, Fire Location and Interior Doors Prior to Fire Department Arrival

Fire Technology

This paper highlights a range of experiments that involved burning real houses and real content, representing a unique contribution to safer homes and better firefighting procedures.

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On engineering game theory with its application in power systems

Control Theory and Technology

This paper addresses the foundations of engineering game theory, which uses various concepts, theories and methodologies to help solve engineering design, operation, and control problems in a more canonical and systematic way including an overview of its applications. 

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Organic transistor platform with integrated microfluidics for in-line multi-parametric in vitro cell monitoring

Microsystem & Nanoengineering

This paper highlights a new real-time monitoring approach for live cells, which can be used in next-generation drug discovery and toxicology testing.

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OSIRIS-REx: Sample Return from Asteroid (101955) Bennu

Space Science Reviews

To boldly go where no one has gone before. And return. Accompanying a space mission on its way to collect material from an asteroid.

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PKDGRAV3: beyond trillion particle cosmological simulations for the next era of galaxy surveys

Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology

This paper describes a numerical method that scales to the next generation of exa-scale supercomputers for simulating the evolution of galaxies.

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Quantum mechanic glimpse into peptide bond formation within the ribosome shed light on origin of life

Structural Chemistry

Nobel laureate A. Yonath discusses peptide bonds in connection with the origin of life, and the question of what was first: the genetic code or its products?

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RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) algorithm for material?informatics: application to photovoltaic solar cells

Journal of Cheminformatics

Proposes a derivative mean from data science to develop predictive models applied to hot topics such as photovoltaic solar cells.

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Review of Underwater and In-Air Sounds Emitted by Australian and Antarctic Marine Mammals

Acoustics Australia

This paper offers the most comprehensive acoustic summary to date for marine mammal species in Australian waters.

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Synthesis of patterned enzyme–metal–organic framework composites by ink-jet printing

Bioresources and Bioprocessing

This represents an important innovation that could potentially change the world, e.g. regarding medical and environmental analyses.

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System design to reduce disaster risks by installing distributed power resources

Multiscale and Multidisplinary Modeling, Experiments and Design

This article discusses a new methodology for risk management in preparation for any potential natural disaster.

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Testing general relativity by means of ring lasers

European Physical Journal Plus

This intriguing paper discusses how a system of ring lasers could potentially be used to measure the general relativistic effects of Earth’s rotation.

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Easily Regenerated Readily Deployable Absorbent for Heavy Metal Removal from Contaminated Water

Scientific Reports

This paper describes a cheap material for removal of heavy metal contamination from water that can be regenerated using household chemicals.

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A Facile Green Synthetic Route for the Preparation of Highly Active γ-Al2O3 from Aluminum Foil Waste

Scientific Reports

How do you stop dirty aluminium foil ending up as landfill? Convert it into a catalyst to make biofuels.

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Directly converting CO2 into a gasoline fuel

Nature Communications

Timely article exploring carbon dioxide’s industrial potential in the direct conversion to gasoline, can CO2 be useful and not a curse?

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