On October 5, the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 was awarded "for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems" with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann "for the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming" and the other half to Giorgio Parisi "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales."*
This year’s Nobel Laureates didn’t achieve their breakthroughs overnight. Below you can read, share, and download a selection of their research that’s published across Springer Nature’s journals and books. Find the story of this year’s Laureates in Physics.
Read the subscription articles and book chapters below for free until December 12, 2021. The open access articles are permanently free.