Data Availability Statements – guidance for authors and editors

Data availability statements provide a statement about where data supporting the results reported in a published article can be found - including, where applicable, hyperlinks to publicly archived datasets analysed or generated during the study. The Springer Nature research data policy types 2, 3 and 4 encourage or require the provision of data availability statements.


Some research funders, such as the Research Councils UK, require data availability statements to be included in publications and the Springer Nature research data policies support compliance with these requirements. Publicly available datasets referred to in data availability statements can also be cited in reference lists – and this is particularly encouraged when datasets have digital object identifiers (DOIs). Data availability statements commonly take one of the following forms:

  1. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the [NAME] repository, [PERSISTENT WEB LINK TO DATASETS].
  2. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
  3. All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files).
  4. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are not publicly available due to [REASON(S) WHY DATA ARE NOT PUBLIC] but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
  5. Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
  6. The data that support the findings of this study are available from [THIRD PARTY NAME] but restrictions apply to the availability of these data, which were used under license for the current study, and so are not publicly available. Data are however available from the authors upon reasonable request and with permission of [THIRD PARTY NAME].

Further example and template data availability statements

In the absence of specific instructions from a journal editor authors can use or adapt the statement(s) above, and in the table below, that is most appropriate for their manuscript. Several statements may need to be combined depending on the nature of the research. The table below provides links to articles in the stated journal(s) that have used or adapted the statement.


Authors should, in the first instance, contact journal editors for advice on preparing specific manuscripts, and the Springer Nature Research Data Support Helpdesk for general advice on research data policies.

Statement type/descriptionTemplate/example textPublished example
Data generated during the study are subject to a data sharing mandate and available in a public repository that does not issue datasets with DOIs[Data type e.g. “Sequence”] data that support the findings of this study have been deposited in [repository name e.g. “GenBank”] with the [primary] accession codes [list accession codes with links e.g. “KP253039”]

BMC Biology

Nature Communications

Data available in a public (institutional, general or subject specific) repository that issues datasets with DOIs (non-mandated deposition)The [data type] data that support the findings of this study are available in [repository name e.g “figshare”] with the identifier(s) [data DOI(s) e.g. “doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.1499292_D8”][Reference number]

Nature Communications

GigaScience

Microbiome

Data available in a public (institutional, general or subject specific) repository that does not issue datasets with DOIs (non-mandated deposition)The [data type e.g. “Snow pack depth”] data that support the findings of this study are available in/from [repository/resource name e.g. “GlobSnow”], [hyperlink to dataset(s)/data source e.g. “http://www.globsnow.info/”]

Nature Geoscience

Palgrave Communications

Data available on request from the authorsThe data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request

Nature Communications

BMC Medicine

Authors can confirm that all relevant data are included in the article and/or its supplementary information filesThe authors declare that [the/all other] data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article [and its supplementary information files]BMC Medicine
Data are available on request due to privacy or other restrictionsThe data that support the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author [author initials]. The data are not publicly available due to [state restrictions e.g. “them containing information that could compromise research participant privacy/consent”]BMC Medicine
Data subject to third party restrictionsThe data that support the findings of this study are available from [third party name] but restrictions apply to the availability of these data, which were used under license for the current study, and so are not publicly available. Data are however available from the authors upon reasonable request and with permission of [third party name]Palgrave Communications
Dataset(s) derived from public resources and made available with the articleThe datasets analysed during the current study are available in the [repository name] repository [data identifiers e.g. doi:10.7910/DVN/HEWGDD] [Reference number]. These datasets were derived from the following public domain resources:
[list resources and their URLs]
Palgrave Communications
Data generated at a central, large scale facility – common practice in some physical sciencesRaw data were generated at the [facility name] large-scale facility. Derived data supporting the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon requestNature Physics
Data sharing not applicable – for example if an article describes entirely theoretical researchData sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current studyPalgrave Communications

More examples of data availability statements are available on the University of Bath Research Data Archive.