Book policies

On this page you can find out about Springer Nature’s open access (OA) policies for books and chapters published via the immediate ‘gold’ OA and subscription routes. 

Click here for our OA policies for journal articles.

For information about meeting the OA policies of funders and institutions when publishing with Springer Nature, visit our OA funding support service.

OA licensing and copyright

Open access licensing

All open access books and chapters published by SpringerOpen and Palgrave Macmillan are published under Creative Commons licences. These provide an industry-standard framework to support easy re-use of open access material.

Springer Nature OA books and chapters are published under a CC BY licence (Creative Commons Attribution v4.0 International Licence) by default. The CC BY licence is the most open licence available and considered the industry 'gold standard' for open access; it is also preferred by many funders. This licence allows readers to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to alter, transform, or build upon the material, including for commercial use, providing the original author is credited.

Other Creative Commons licences are available on request: please contact your editor to discuss this. However, before requesting an alternative licence you are advised to check your funder's requirements, to ensure compliance. See our list of funders with a CC BY requirement for open access books or chapters.

Intergovernmental organisation (IGO) versions of Creative Commons licences for books and chapters are available on request where required by the author’s employer.

Retrospective licence changes

Authors of open access books and chapters at Springer or Palgrave Macmillan may not change the Creative Commons licence of their work after publication.

Copyright of OA books and chapters

Authors retain copyright of all open access books or chapters published by Springer Nature under a Creative Commons licence.

Use of third-party material in open access books and chapters

Authors retain copyright of all open access books or chapters published by Springer Nature under a Creative Commons licence.

Authors considering publishing their books or chapters via the immediate open access route should carefully consider whether they need to include any third-party material in their manuscript. Third-party material is only acceptable in an open access book or chapter if you:

  • have discussed it with, and have the agreement of, your editorial contact to include it;
  • are able to secure the necessary terms to enable such content to be made available in an open access form (ideally the same Creative Commons licence under which the content will be made available, but at a minimum approval from the rightsholder to include the content in an open access book).
  • provide clear captions for all third-party material clearly acknowledging the source and licence terms.

Self-archiving and manuscript deposition

Self-archiving of books and chapters published open access

Book and chapter authors who have published via the paid open access option are encouraged to deposit the final published PDF in their institutional repository or any suitable subject repository on publication.

Authors should provide a link from the deposited version to the URL of the published book or chapter on the Springer Nature website; in all cases, the requirement to link to the publisher’s website is designed to protect the integrity and authenticity of the scientific record, with the online published version on the publisher’s website clearly identified as the definitive version of record.

Authors are advised to check their funders' deposition requirements to ensure compliance. Read our OA Policy FAQs to learn about how book and chapter authors can ensure they meet funder self-archiving requirements

Publisher deposition of books published open access

Springer Nature deposits the full text of Palgrave Macmillan and SpringerOpen open access books and chapters in the Directory of Open Access Books on behalf of the authors.  We also deposit all books and chapters funded by the Wellcome Trust in PubMed’s NCBI Bookshelf, and will submit other titles in relevant subject areas on request.


Self-archiving of books and chapters published via the subscription route

Our policies on self-archiving of Palgrave Macmillan books and chapters which have been published via the subscription route can be found here. Self-archiving is not permitted for books and chapters published under the Springer imprint.

Book and chapter processing charges

BPC and CPC waivers for financial need

Springer Nature does not offer waivers or discounts for open access book or chapter processing charges (BPCs / CPCs). Our publication charges are set at a level to be sustainable, and as such we are unable to offer any fee reductions. Authors without access to funds to cover the open access publication charge are able to publish their title with Springer or Palgrave Macmillan using the traditional model.

Authors affiliated with organisations that have a SpringerOpen/BMC membership arrangement may be eligible for a discount on their SpringerOpen book or chapter; check the list of participating members.

Authors are also encouraged to speak to their funders and institutions to find out about funding availability for BPCs/CPCs. Find out more through our free OA funding support service.

Other OA policies

Springer Nature policies and compliance with funders' open access mandates

Few funders worldwide currently mandate open access for books and chapters. However, the policy landscape is changing rapidly, so authors are advised to check their funder's requirements. For advice about your funder's requirements please contact our OA Support Service at

Retrospective open access

Authors of open access books and chapters published by Springer and Palgrave Macmillan must indicate that they wish to publish open access before a title is published. It is not possible for authors to convert books to open access retrospectively (that is, after publication). However, in exceptional cases individual chapters may be converted to open access publication retrospectively where this is required for funder compliance.  Please contact for advice.

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