Research data policy

Biological sciences repository examples


Imaging repository examples
Image Data Resource
The Cancer Imaging Archive
SICAS Medical Image Repository
Coherent X-Ray Imaging Databank (CXIDB)
Cell Image Library

Nucleic acid sequence and omics

Nucleic acid sequence data and metadata should follow the Genome Standards Consortium (GSC) guidance, which can be browsed at FAIRsharing GSC collection.

Data types


DNA sequence data*

RNA sequence data*

Genome assembly data*

Any INSDC member repository

Genome Sequence Archive (GSA)

Genetic variation data

dbSNP (human variations less than 50bp)

dbVar (human variations greater than 50bp)

European Variation Archive (EVA) (all species)

Genome Sequence Archive for Human (human variation)

Functional genomics data



The European Genome-phenome Archive (EGA)

Gene expression data

Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)


* Novel DNA sequence, novel RNA sequence, and novel genome assembly data must be deposited to repositories that are part of the International Nucleotide Sequence Collaboration (INSDC), or those which are working towards INSDC inclusion (included in the table), unless there are privacy or ethics restrictions that prevent open sharing of such data. Novel DNA sequence, novel RNA sequence, and novel genome assembly data may in addition be deposited to any other repository (including regional or national repositories) as required.

Protein sequence

Protein sequence repository example


Molecular and supramolecular structure

Molecular & supramolecular structure repository examples
Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank (BMRB)

Coherent X-ray Imaging Data Bank (CXIDB)

Crystallography Open Database (COD)

Electron Microscopy Data Bank (EMDB)

Protein Circular Dichroism Data Bank (PCDDB)
Structural Biology Data Grid

Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB)


Neuroscience repository examples

OpenNeuro (formerly OpenfMRI)

Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resources Collaboratory (NITRC)

Metabolomics and proteomics

We recommend the deposition and archiving of metabolomics data in line with the reporting standards and best practice as defined by the Metabolomics Society.

We recommend the submission of proteomics data to any of the ProteomeXchange Consortium repositories, and encourage authors to follow the data sharing standards defined by the HUPO Proteomics Standards Initiative.

Taxonomy and species diversity

Taxonomy & species diversity repository examples
Environment Data Initiative (formerly LTER Network Information System Data Portal)
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

KNB: The Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity
Movebank Data Repository

NCBI Taxonomy*

*Curated resource which may not accept direct submission of data. Contact the database directly for further information.

Mathematical and modelling resources

Mathematical & modelling resources repository examples

BioModels Database

Kinetic Models of Biological Systems (KiMoSys)

The Network Data Exchange (NDEx)

Cytometry and immunology

Cytometry & immunology repository examples



Organism-focused resources

Organism-focused resource examples

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources (EuPathDB)


Influenza Research Database

Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)
Rat Genome Database (RGD)



Zebrafish Model Organism Database (ZFIN)