Book policies

On this page you can find out about Springer Nature’s open access (OA) policies for books and chapters published via the immediate ‘gold’ OA and subscription routes. 

Click here for our OA policies for journal articles.

For information about meeting the OA policies of funders and institutions when publishing with Springer Nature, visit our OA funding support service.

OA licensing and copyright

Open access licensing

All open access books and chapters published by SpringerOpen and Palgrave Macmillan are published under Creative Commons licences. These provide an industry-standard framework to support easy re-use of open access material.

Springer Nature OA books and chapters are published under a CC BY licence (Creative Commons Attribution v4.0 International Licence) by default. The CC BY licence is the most open licence available and considered the industry 'gold standard' for open access; it is also preferred by many funders. This licence allows readers to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to alter, transform, or build upon the material, including for commercial use, providing the original author is credited.

Other Creative Commons licences are available on request: please contact your editor to discuss this. However, before requesting an alternative licence you are advised to check your funder's requirements, to ensure compliance. See our list of funders with a CC BY requirement for open access books or chapters.

Intergovernmental organisation (IGO) versions of Creative Commons licences for books and chapters are available on request where required by the author’s employer.

Retrospective licence changes

Authors of open access books and chapters at Springer or Palgrave Macmillan may not change the Creative Commons licence of their work after publication.

Copyright of OA books and chapters

Authors retain copyright of all open access books or chapters published by Springer Nature under a Creative Commons licence.

Use of third-party material in open access books and chapters

Authors retain copyright of all open access books or chapters published by Springer Nature under a Creative Commons licence.

Authors considering publishing their books or chapters via the immediate open access route should carefully consider whether they need to include any third-party material in their manuscript. Third-party material is only acceptable in an open access book or chapter if you:

  • have discussed it with, and have the agreement of, your editorial contact to include it;
  • are able to secure the necessary terms to enable such content to be made available in an open access form (ideally the same Creative Commons licence under which the content will be made available, but at a minimum approval from the rightsholder to include the content in an open access book).
  • provide clear captions for all third-party material clearly acknowledging the source and licence terms.

Self-archiving and manuscript deposition

Self-archiving of books and chapters published open access

Book and chapter authors who have published via the paid open access option are encouraged to deposit the final published PDF in their institutional repository or any suitable subject repository on publication.

Authors should provide a link from the deposited version to the URL of the published book or chapter on the Springer Nature website; in all cases, the requirement to link to the publisher’s website is designed to protect the integrity and authenticity of the scientific record, with the online published version on the publisher’s website clearly identified as the definitive version of record.

Authors are advised to check their funders' deposition requirements to ensure compliance. Read our OA Policy FAQs to learn about how book and chapter authors can ensure they meet funder self-archiving requirements

Publisher deposition of books published open access

Springer Nature deposits the full text of Palgrave Macmillan and SpringerOpen open access books and chapters in the Directory of Open Access Books on behalf of the authors.  We also deposit all books and chapters funded by the Wellcome Trust in PubMed’s NCBI Bookshelf, and will submit other titles in relevant subject areas on request.

Self-archiving of books and chapters published via the subscription route

Our policies on self-archiving of books and chapters which have been published via the subscription route can be found on the Palgrave Macmillan and Springer websites.

Springer Nature terms of reuse for archived author accepted manuscripts (AAMs) of subscription books and chapters

For books and chapters published within the Springer Nature group of companies that have been archived into academic repositories such as institutional repositories, PubMed Central and its mirror sites, where a Springer Nature company holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish, users may view, print, copy, download and text and data-mine the content, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full conditions of use. The conditions of use are not intended to override, should any national law grant further rights to any user.

Conditions of use
Books and chapters published within the Springer Nature group of companies which are made available through academic repositories remain subject to copyright. Any reuse is subject to permission from Springer Nature. The following restrictions on reuse of such books and chapters apply:

Academic research only

  • 1.   Archived content may only be used for academic research. Any content downloaded for text based experiments should be destroyed when the experiment is complete. 

Reuse must not be for Commercial Purposes

  • 2.   Archived content may not be used for purposes that are intended for or directed towards commercial advantage or monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, licence, loan, transfer or any other form of commercial exploitation ("Commercial Purposes").  

Wholesale re-publishing is prohibited

  • 3.   Archived content may not be published verbatim in whole or in part, whether or not this is done for Commercial Purposes, either in print or online.  
  • 4.   This restriction does not apply to reproducing normal quotations with an appropriate citation.  In the case of text-mining, individual words, concepts and quotes up to 100 words per matching sentence may be reused, whereas longer paragraphs of text and images cannot (without specific permission from Springer Nature).

Moral rights

  • 5.   All reuse must be fully attributed.  Attribution must take the form of a link - using the article DOI - to the published book or chapter on the publisher's website.
  • 6.   All reuse must ensure that the authors' moral right to the integrity of their work is not compromised.

Third party content

  • 7.   Where content in the document is identified as belonging to a third party, it is the obligation of the user to ensure that any reuse complies with copyright policies of the owner.

Reuse at own risk

  • 8.   Any reuse of Springer Nature content is at your own risk and Springer Nature accepts no liability arising from such reuse.

Book and chapter processing charges

BPC and CPC waivers for financial need

Springer Nature does not offer waivers or discounts for open access book or chapter processing charges (BPCs / CPCs). Our publication charges are set at a level to be sustainable, and as such we are unable to offer any fee reductions. Authors without access to funds to cover the open access publication charge are able to publish their title with Springer or Palgrave Macmillan using the traditional model.

Authors are also encouraged to speak to their funders and institutions to find out about funding availability for BPCs/CPCs. Find out more through our free OA funding support service.

Other OA policies

Springer Nature policies and compliance with funders' open access mandates

Few funders worldwide currently mandate open access for books and chapters. However, the policy landscape is changing rapidly, so authors are advised to check their funder's requirements. For advice about your funder's requirements please contact our OA Support Service at

Retrospective open access

Authors of open access books and chapters published by Springer and Palgrave Macmillan must indicate that they wish to publish open access before a title is published. It is not possible for authors to convert books to open access retrospectively (that is, after publication). However, in exceptional cases individual chapters may be converted to open access publication retrospectively where this is required for funder compliance.  Please contact for advice.