2023 Prize in Economic Sciences

Nobel Prize 2018

On October 9th, the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2023 was awarded to Claudia Goldin “for having advanced our understanding of women's labour market outcomes.”*

This year’s Nobel Laureates didn’t achieve their breakthroughs overnight. Below you can read, share, and download the book chapter Claudia Goldin published with Springer Nature.

*The Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2023. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Mon. 9 Oct 2023.

Published book chapter by Claudia Goldin

Human Capital. In: Handbook of Cliometrics

Abstract: Human capital is the stock of skills that the labor force possesses. The flow of these skills is forthcoming when the return to investment exceeds the cost (both direct and indirect). Returns to these skills are private in the sense that an individual’s productive capacity increases with more of them. But there are often externalities that increase the productive capacity of others when human capital is increased. This essay discusses these concepts historically and focuses on two major components of human capital: education and training, and health. The institutions that encourage human capital investment are discussed, as is the role of human capital in economic growth. The notion that the study of human capital is inherently historical is emphasized and defended.