References Modules

Foundational knowledge that keeps pace with discovery

A Springer Nature Reference is a great place to begin any topic-based research, whether readers are new to the subject, specialists or working across disciplines. Written by internationally renowned experts, references clearly present established academic concepts, providing researchers with a foundation of knowledge on which to build.

Each reference entry links to the primary and secondary sources so, researchers can follow the information trail and continue to develop their understanding.

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Subject Reference Modules

Springer References are available in 5 subject modules providing a wealth of knowledge in a specific subject, ideal for graduate students, researchers, professionals, technologists, and clinicians looking for a one-stop authoritative reference work covering all aspects of the field. 

Biomedical & Life Science Highlights


Computer Science & Engineering Highlights


Humanities & Social Sciences Highlights


Medicine Highlights


Physical & Material Science Highlights


Living Editions Highlights


Major Reference Works

Types of Reference Works: Springer Nature’s Major Reference Works are published online both as eReferences and so-called “Living References” which are online first, real-time snapshots (article collections) of a reference work in development or being updated. The living editions are delivered using an industry-first publishing model, well in advance of printed reference publications, and continuously offer new and up-to-date content. Each online-first entry has its own DOI and is fully citable.

Browse up-to-date reference works

Why choose Springer Nature's Major Reference Works?

  • Online-first dynamic publishing means current, up-to-date information

  • Peer-reviewed content ensures scholarly integrity and quality

  • Content grows as new reference titles are published and previously published works are updated

  • Easy access to valued and much-used reference works across all subjects through SpringerLink

  • High-quality images and illustrations

  • Content available in multiple formats, including eReference works

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