Frequently asked questions
What is In Review?
Powered by Research Square, In Review is a preprint service that aims to open up the peer review process to authors and beyond. The first service of its kind, In Review will provide authors with real-time access to the status of their manuscript during the peer review process. By depositing a citable preprint and peer reviewed versions on the Research Square platform, In Review will also allow authors to showcase their work to funders and others, and to engage the wider community for comment and collaboration while their manuscript is under review, allowing authors to benefit from early sharing, including potential earlier citations, visibility and collaboration opportunities.
For more information about what authors can expect if they opt-in, see here.
Why is Springer Nature offering In Review and what is the benefit to the community and to authors?
Experimenting with new initiatives to improve the peer review process and to advance research has been something we have long championed at Springer Nature. Through In Review we aim to support early sharing of research through preprints for every Springer Nature author, to encourage wider involvement by the community in peer review, and to give added visibility to potentially significant science that is being considered for publication.
By using In Review, authors will be able to:
- Showcase their work to funders and others with a citable preprint while it is under review
- Track the status of their manuscript through the peer review process on a more granular level
- Indicate the quality control screening undertaken on their work
- Engage the wider community in discussion to improve their article (including through the Hypothesis open annotation tool)
- Benefit from early sharing, such as more collaboration opportunities and earlier citations.
The wider research community will be able to:
- Discover new research with fully indexed search
- Comment on and help improve emerging science
- Gain insight into work currently under review at participating journals.
What does it mean if I opt in to In Review?
The reviews and editor communications will continue through the peer review submission and manuscript tracking system (for example, Editorial Manager, eJournal Press or Scholar One) site as usual. You can use In Review to access up to date information on where your article is in the peer review process at a granular level (eg, number of reviewers invited, number of reviewers agreed). In addition, others will be able to follow the status of your manuscript during peer review, such as whether it is “out for review” or the number of reviewer reports received.
Your manuscript will also be posted immediately as a preprint to In Review and will receive a citeable DOI. The community will be able to comment on, read, or cite your manuscript using the platform. Authors could take any substantive comments into account during the peer review process in order to strengthen their findings.
What journals are currently using In Review?
You can find the complete list of journals here. We are constantly adding more journals so check back often.
Is there a charge for participating in In Review?
There is no charge for participating in In Review.
Does my decision to participate have any impact on the editorial decisions made by the journal?
Opting in or not will have no effect on the ultimate decision on whether your manuscript is accepted.
How are submissions to In Review checked before posting?
All submissions to In Review undergo a set of quality control checks. These include affirming the presence of the following disclosures:
- Ethics approval for studies with human participants (consent to participate, and consent to publish)
- Ethics approval for animal studies
- Competing interest statements
Will the editor take into consideration any comments made on my manuscript on In Review?
Editors may choose to take commenting through the Research Square platform into consideration. As with traditional review, they will rely on reviewers with field expertise in forming their decision.
Who holds copyright for preprints shared via In Review?
Authors retain full copyright for their work. Preprints posted on the Research Square platform via In Review receive a CC-BY 4.0 license which means that readers can reuse with appropriate attribution. More information about CC licenses can be found in these resource documents developed by an ASAPbio licensing taskforce.
Can I ask for my In Review preprint to be removed from the Research Square platform?
No, by opting in to In Review an author agrees to their article being posted permanently and publicly as a preprint on the Research Square platform after submission.
Can I participate in In Review if I have already posted to a preprint server?
Authors retain copyright of their preprint and are therefore free to post their work to a server of their choice. However, we recommend posting a preprint in only one server as having more one version in different servers could reduce the usage counts and metrics provided on In Review and on other sites. It may also cause confusion for some readers.
How can I cite an In Review submission?
You may cite your preprint (or another researchers’ preprint) as posted to the Research Square platform, using the citation format specified in the Springer Nature policy; see here for details. Once the In Review preprint has completed peer review and has been published in a journal, you may use the journal details in the citation.
Can I discuss an In Review preprint with the media?
Authors are free to provide clarification and context in response to inquiries from the media about an In Review preprint. However, we advise authors to emphasise in these communications that the study has not been peer reviewed, and that the findings are provisional and could change. We also recommend that reporters indicate that the study is a preprint that has not been peer reviewed. More information about Springer Nature policy may be found here.
How do I submit a revised version of my article to In Review?
To submit a revision, you will need to submit through the manuscript submission system (for example, Editorial Manager). In Review only posts versions of your manuscript currently being considered by the journal.
What will happen to my manuscript on Research Square if my article is rejected from the journal I submitted to?
If your article is rejected, all information corresponding to the journal will be removed, leaving only the original preprint and any revisions that have been submitted. Many journal policies require declaration of shared preprints; you are free to send the link or share the DOI to the preprint of your manuscript on the Research Square platform to other journals as part of a future submission.
Are there any drawbacks to participating in In Review?
While we encourage deposition of preprints, please note that it may not be possible for us to undertake media promotion of your work at publication as it may not be possible for us to apply an embargo to your article. Further information on our pre-publicity policy is available here. This may also affect your institution’s press office.