References Modules

Foundational knowledge that keeps pace with discovery

A Springer Nature Reference is a great place to begin any topic-based research, whether readers are new to the subject, specialists or working across disciplines. 

Written by internationally renowned experts, references clearly present established academic concepts, providing researchers with a foundation of knowledge on which to build.

Each reference entry links to the primary and secondary sources so, researchers can follow the information trail and continue to develop their understanding.

Key features

Reading a Springer Nature Reference is like having access to the minds of the greatest researchers on that subject. Watch the video to find out more

specifically for libraries

eBook & Living Edition (online first and continuously updated)

Print & static reference. Single or multi volumes.

Broad, niche or industry/practice focused

Handbooks, encyclopedias, atlases & dictionaries

  • 600+ Nobel Laureates among contributors and editors
  • 104 Springer Nature editors serve as Editors-in-Chief
  • 100,000 invited authors
  • 500,000+ entries

Subject Reference Modules

Springer Nature References are available in 8 subject modules providing a wealth of knowledge in a specific subject, ideal for graduate students, researchers, professionals, technologists, and clinicians looking for a one-stop authoritative reference work covering all aspects of the field. 

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Biomedical & Life Sciences highlights

Computer Science & Engineering highlights

Humanities highlights

Medicine highlights

Chemistry, Materials & Physics highlights

Earth & Environmental Sciences highlights

Education highlights

Business, Economics & Social Sciences highlights

What is a Living Edition?

A dynamic, real-time snapshot of entries from a reference work in development delivered using an industry-first publishing model. Providing the latest and most up-to-date content well in advance of the final printed work.


Fully discoverable with own ODI


Fully citable


Rigorous Editorial Process of manuscript preparation, review, revision & acceptance

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Provides the most authoritative & up-to-date information on the subject